What to Expect During Your First Trimester of Pregnancy

first trimester of pregnancy

The first trimester of pregnancy is an exciting and crucial time for expectant mothers. From the moment you discover you’re pregnant until the end of week 12, your body undergoes remarkable changes as it nurtures the development of your growing baby. Understanding what to expect during this period can help alleviate any anxieties and ensure a healthy start to your pregnancy journey.

Physical Changes

During the first trimester, you may experience a range of physical changes as your body adjusts to the demands of pregnancy. One of the earliest signs is a missed period, prompting many women to take a pregnancy test. As hormonal changes occur, you may also notice breast tenderness, frequent urination, and increased fatigue.

Morning sickness, which can occur at any time of the day, is another common symptom. Nausea and vomiting can be common, but there are several ways to manage these symptoms. Eating small, frequent meals, staying hydrated, and avoiding triggers like strong odors can provide relief. However, if your morning sickness becomes severe and persistent, consult your healthcare provider for further guidance.

Emotional and Hormonal Changes

Pregnancy hormones can have a profound impact on your emotional well-being during the first trimester. You may find yourself experiencing mood swings, feeling more emotional than usual, or even experiencing anxiety or heightened sensitivity. It’s important to communicate your feelings with your partner, family, or friends, as they can offer support and understanding during this time.

Prenatal Care and Health

Seeking early prenatal care is crucial to ensure the health of both you and your baby. During your first trimester, you will have your initial prenatal visit, where your healthcare provider will perform a series of tests and evaluations. These may include a physical exam, blood tests, and an ultrasound to confirm the pregnancy and assess the baby’s development.

Your healthcare provider will also discuss important topics such as prenatal vitamins, proper nutrition, and lifestyle adjustments. It is recommended to take a prenatal vitamin containing folic acid, which helps prevent neural tube defects in the baby. Additionally, you should avoid smoking, consuming alcohol, and taking illicit drugs, as they can harm your developing baby.

Miscarriage Risk

While it’s essential to stay positive, it’s also important to be aware of the risk of miscarriage during the first trimester. Miscarriages can occur for various reasons, most of which are beyond your control. Common signs of a miscarriage include vaginal bleeding, severe abdominal pain, and passing of tissue. If you experience any of these symptoms, immediately seek a medical evaluation at the ER.

Self-Care and Lifestyle

Taking care of yourself is crucial during the first trimester. Get plenty of rest and listen to your body’s needs, as fatigue is common. Engage in light exercise, such as walking or prenatal yoga, to stay active and promote overall well-being. However, avoid activities with a high risk of falls or abdominal trauma.

Maintaining a healthy diet is vital for both you and your baby’s well-being. Focus on consuming a variety of nutritious foods, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and dairy products. Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water throughout the day.


The first trimester of pregnancy is a time of incredible transformation and anticipation. By understanding the physical and emotional changes you may experience, seeking prenatal care, and practicing self-care, you can navigate this season with confidence. Reach out to us here at Women’s Resource Medical Center for any concerns or questions you may have, and enjoy the beginning of this miraculous journey towards motherhood.